Cantigas de Santa Maria / Falsobordone
(attributed to Alfonso X. 1221—1284)





medieval.org
Acantha acacd 0042

1998






1. (4:19)
CSM 29. Nas mentes sempre ter  [2:31]
CSM 361. Null'ome per ren non deve  [1:48]
bagpipe, symphonie, voice, darbukka

2. CSM 166. Como poden per sas culpas  [5:02]
harp, rebec, voice

3. CSM 282. Par deus, muit' á gran vertude  [3:11]
bagpipes, long drum, darbukka


4. CSM 7. Santa Maria amar  [4:51]
harp, voice

5. (3:32)
CSM 136. Pois las figuras  [2:09]
CSM 200. Santa Maria loei et loo  [1:23]
recorders, rebec, vasija, darbukka


6. (7:03)
CSM 100. Santa Maria, strela do dia  [4:38]
CSM 281. U alguen a Jhesu Cristo  [2:25]
harp, voice, rebec, percussion

7. CSM 33. Gran poder á de mandar  [3:42]
harp


8. CSM 1. Des oge mais quer eu trobar  [5:46]
harp, voices, rebec, recorder

9. CSM 159. Non sofre Santa Maria  [2:23]
bagpipe, vasija


10. CSM 322. A Virgen, que de Deus Madre  [4:27]
harp, voices

11. CSM 139. Maravillosos e piadosos  [4:58]
harp, psaltery


12. (4:16)
CSM 42. A Virgen mui groriosa  [1:25]
CSM 167. Quen quer que na Virgen fia  [2:51]
Shawm, bagpipes, long drum, darbukka


All arrangements by Falsobordone





Falsobordone
consist of
Anna Rynefors & Erik Ask-Upmark

and was reinforced during the making of this CD by Anders Ådin on percussion.


Our goal is to perform medieval music as authentically as possible,
without reducing it to a museum piece.
We want to show that music, centuries old,
still can be most vital and tell us something, if we will just listen...


We would be happy to play at just your castle,
living history event, medieval market, festival...
Many different musical programs can be offered,
ranging from the Viking age through the early Baroque.






About the Cantigas de Santa María

Once upon a time there was a king called Alfonso X, who ruled over Castille, Toledo and León. He was known as “el sabio” - the wise, and being so clever he realized that he probably should do something in his life, besides being king, to ensure that he would go to heaven. No lady has ever been able to resist a good serenade, he thought, and so started to write (or ordered his scribes and scholars to write) a collection of songs devoted to the Virgin Mary. He called it Las Cantigas de Santa Maria.

Today, four copies of this collection remains (dating from the late thirteenth to early fourteenth century). The most complete of them contains 423 cantigas. The texts are mostly about miracles performed by the Virgin (Cantiga de miragres), but every tenth text is a hymn to praise her (Cantiga de loor) and has a beautiful illustration, usually of Alfonso and his court or of musicians and their instruments.

The melodies are much similar to the troubadour and trouvere music of the time, and it is very probable that Alfonso and his assistants borrowed a lot of the melodies from common secular songs of the day.




In the Cantigas manuscripts, there are plenty of illustrations showing merry musicians playing away. These pictures are of course a great help in deciding what instruments to use when reconstructing the music of 13th century Spain.

Instrument makers
rebec (AR) — James Bisgood 1994, London
symphonie (AR) — Allan Fagerlund 1997, Gothenburg
harps (EAU, AR) — Johan Hedvall 1997, Gothenburg
bagpipes (EAU, AR) — Alban Faust 1988 & 1993, Frestersbyn
— Jim Parr 1998, Norwich
psaltery (EAU) — anon., Wales
recorder (EAU) — Kobliczek, 1996 Germany
— Camac 1984, France
shawm (EAU) — Eric Moulder 1996, Leek
medieval long drum (AÅ) — Per-Olof Martineson 1995, Gothenburg
darbukka (AÅ) — anon.
vasija (AÅ) — anon.
nuts, bells, etc. (AÅ) — anon.



WARNING: Too much shawm-playing can be bad for your health!


Sources
Anglés, Higinio: La Música de las Cantigas de Santa María (Barcelona, 1964)
Facsimile reproduction of the Escorial manuscript.
Anglés, Higinio: La Música de las Cantigas de Santa María (Barcelona, 1943)
Transcription and critical study of the same manuscript.
Mettmann, Walter: Cantigas de Santa Maria vol I - III (Coimbra, 1959, 1961, 1964)
Complete texts.


Recorded in the church of Tidersrum, Östergötland 1998-04-20 - 1998-04-22.
This church is somewhat unique, being a preserved wooden church front the late thirteenth century
- in other words, from the same time as the Cantigas!

CD booklet texts: Falsobordone
Layout &   Design: Falsobordone & Hans Edgren
German translation: Thomas Meyer
Producer: Kulturkometen, Gothenburg
Photos: Johan Hedvall 1998 & Thomas Wegebrand 1997
CD manufactured by: Logo, Gothenburg
Sound technician & mastering: Niklas Rönnberg

Thanks to:
Lars Tallund for letting us borrow the church;
Hans Edgren for helping us (to say the least) with the booklet;
Ingrid Rynefors, P-O, Allan, Alban and Johan for lending us some great instruments;
Thomas and Musikbörsen in Linköping fo the use of their studio;
Niklas, for putting up with us once again.






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